Why Robots That Bend Are Better
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Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

Kommentarer
  • Zach Hammond
    Zach Hammond

    This is awkward

  • XENO VADER
    XENO VADER

    Its like the strandbeests

  • tomey tomey
    tomey tomey

    there's no air in space

  • J Villain
    J Villain

    That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

  • Onin D.
    Onin D.

    "Why Rockets that Bend are Better"

  • Your Slavic Friend
    Your Slavic Friend

    These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy

  • Sameer Tariq
    Sameer Tariq

    8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.

    • Sameer Tariq
      Sameer Tariq

      Nevermind he mentioned it lol.

  • Boisq
    Boisq

    only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides

  • SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS
    SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS

    FROM YOUR GRAVITY VIDEO EVERYTHING ACCELERATES UPWARDS THEN IN THE CASE OF NEWTON AND APPLE INITIALLY THE APPLE AND NEWTON WERE ACCELERATING UPWARDS AT THE SAME RATE THEN IT GETS RELEASED FROM THE TREE AND HITS NEWTON. BUT HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN IF THEY BOTH WERE ACCELERATING AT THE SAME RATE?

  • Mauricio Tejeda Davila
    Mauricio Tejeda Davila

    no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all

  • PETARDAwNABIAL
    PETARDAwNABIAL

    >its soft, so its safe around humans ...

  • Piotr Biesek
    Piotr Biesek

    kielbasa :D

  • kenh tong hop
    kenh tong hop

    good video

  • Muhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin
    Muhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin

    Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.

  • Miguel Antonio Buenaventura
    Miguel Antonio Buenaventura

    i preffer my robot stiff

  • bodoti qwiu
    bodoti qwiu

    We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

  • Skylark Landing
    Skylark Landing

    Baymax is my favorite soft robot

  • Travis Dark
    Travis Dark

    half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!

  • Lord Habitaxe of Prydonia
    Lord Habitaxe of Prydonia

    Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***

    • Nit3mare_btw
      Nit3mare_btw

      nice pfp 👍

  • Ramesh Lamichhane
    Ramesh Lamichhane

    TRY TO VISIT BOSTON DYNAMICS AND EXPLORE THE THINGS THERE WHAT ACTUALLY THEY ARE DOING IN MAKING INCREDIBLE ROBOTS

    • bodoti qwiu
      bodoti qwiu

      we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

  • Laurence Pop
    Laurence Pop

    Interesting

  • Imroz Towhid
    Imroz Towhid

    TARS? is that you?

  • Bartek S
    Bartek S

    Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

  • MR.terra69
    MR.terra69

    Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

  • hivek mosat
    hivek mosat

    The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

  • jwpx11
    jwpx11

    Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    • jwpx11
      jwpx11

      Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime

    • Christian Nieves
      Christian Nieves

      lol what? hahahhaha

  • mind.hacker999
    mind.hacker999

    I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

  • Carlo052 G
    Carlo052 G

    Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

  • CrazyNoodles
    CrazyNoodles

    Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

  • Reanetse Moleleki
    Reanetse Moleleki

    Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

  • Toughen Up, Fluffy
    Toughen Up, Fluffy

    It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

  • nigel_bd
    nigel_bd

    just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself

  • embRellish e
    embRellish e

    the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe

  • Dark
    Dark

    we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

    • Любослав Николов
      Любослав Николов

      @Nevaehs Pets same

    • Nevaehs Pets
      Nevaehs Pets

      I’m here before this gets 100 likes

    • Kevin
      Kevin

      Okay Nerd 💀😆

  • Vicente Esnaola
    Vicente Esnaola

    nice stuff!

  • Blitz The Fox
    Blitz The Fox

    Bender: Shut up baby I know it!

  • Klaus Hipp
    Klaus Hipp

    looks pretty useless at that dev. level.

  • ki koy
    ki koy

    I see BIG HERO in the future

  • Dipesh Satrange
    Dipesh Satrange

    Soft robots yeah

  • Mark Vrankovich
    Mark Vrankovich

    Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.

  • Mat Blaz
    Mat Blaz

    Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?

  • Fernando Toledo
    Fernando Toledo

    Is there a video of that tour/visit to Kiwi Co? I'm fascinated by their work and would love to see more from that teaser.

  • TheTRUwins
    TheTRUwins

    F...ng masks on your faces...?!?!?!?!??! REALLY?!?!?!?!?!

  • PowerDust015 lastname
    PowerDust015 lastname

    problem is we cant make a soft robot that is actually strong. so why dont we just build normal machines, that dont crush people?

    • Daniel Kintigh
      Daniel Kintigh

      but it can pick up basketballs! How many basketballs are on mars though...

  • Monkey D. Luffy
    Monkey D. Luffy

    Hey Derek, how about the explanation of the " Center of the Universe " on Tulsa, Oklahoma ?? It's fascinatingly mysterious

  • ThiSISAlivE DeatH
    ThiSISAlivE DeatH

    kiełbasa ❤

  • Anupam Datta Sarkar
    Anupam Datta Sarkar

    Do they work at the bottom of the sea

  • Necromancer
    Necromancer

    Seems like they are pretty worthless because they have no inherent strength to complete tasks except perhaps to entertain children or to carry cameras on the meatal joints.

  • Techno man
    Techno man

    Hi, Derek. I want to watch your documentaries but don't know how to download them, can you help me?

  • cho202
    cho202

    Hey Derek, here's a video suggestion. How much does the 'Path of least resistance dictate your life?' Everything from putting a dirty plate into the sink less full to selecting the lane with the least amount of cars at a red light. Love the work you do! Thanks.

  • Tristan Möller
    Tristan Möller

    So what's its use, like under water is great but what will it do there?

  • usertogo
    usertogo

    dont waste your time making videos with masked people - they will be very ashamed once the depth of duping becomes obvious to all - thumbs down and unsub from me!

  • Story of Sharplyon
    Story of Sharplyon

    the future is bendy

    • Garrett Bok
      Garrett Bok

      Drones

  • Max Law
    Max Law

    Typical vacuum tire uses latex-based internal sealant to auto-seal leaks. Also, some vehicles use soft rubber to completely replace air inside tires. Silicone foam resin or something similar can be mixed when the robot deployed, and foam would expand to fill the tube structures. It will be far better than a mere backup pump.

    • Fayetal Attraction
      Fayetal Attraction

      concessions would have to be made in terms of robot maneuverabilty right? the foam is naturally more difficult to compress than air. i think it would be great as a back up system tho, if they could find a light yet strong and elastic enough foam for structural support in those emergency situations, without adding too much weight to the robot.

  • Butters Stotch
    Butters Stotch

    I used to get V and mark rober mixed up, seems silly now but to me they used to be the same guy 😂

  • soinu foig
    soinu foig

    Derek: How does this robot even work? Zack: COMPLIANCE Derek: And what do- Zack: C O M P L I A N C E

  • ScorieDivine
    ScorieDivine

    This has to be lamest robot I have seen in a long, long time...

  • TheBlackVoidInSpace // Person Person
    TheBlackVoidInSpace // Person Person

    imagine you in a dark alley with nobody else and then this robot goes after you

    • • SuShi •
      • SuShi •

      Why would I imagine that

  • Donut Man
    Donut Man

    I think I had a stroke trying to read the title

    • soinu foig
      soinu foig

      Cool

  • Elvin K Saju
    Elvin K Saju

    The only thing that makes me sad is that my first language is not english and i cannot understand you in tough situations. Love your channel❤️❤️

    • Kevin
      Kevin

      "Tough Situations" Lmao 😆💀

    • Elvin K Saju
      Elvin K Saju

      @Lord Midmight yeah. i do so when its available 😊

    • Lord Midmight
      Lord Midmight

      Put the subtitles, is going to make it easier for you to understand

  • хреновый свинья
    хреновый свинья

    And how are they better...

  • Apocryphon
    Apocryphon

    *baymax intensefies*

    • Coffee
      Coffee

      Some people like me black. Some very light. Some people like me bitter, others sweet. Congratulations!!!!!!! You've won a cup of coffee.

  • BlueSea
    BlueSea

    its a sloth robot

  • Hudi Storch
    Hudi Storch

    Zack hammond looks like James from the odd1sout

  • Kotresh G
    Kotresh G

    Coz robots that bend, can be smashed 😛

  • cubax599
    cubax599

    Lol that ice will be a LITTLE BIT thicker :)

  • tleilaxu42
    tleilaxu42

    "Heavy, expensive, and can be dangerous if not used correctly." Is now my new favorite description of a car... I mean robot.

  • shanemaneval16
    shanemaneval16

    It's Baymax!

  • T-PRODUCCIONES
    T-PRODUCCIONES

    Do you guys have a toy versión of your soft robots?

  • Promi Akter
    Promi Akter

    Good

  • Khizar Says
    Khizar Says

    Just use a long pool noodle 🤠. No compressed air bs.

  • Mateusz Stawarski
    Mateusz Stawarski

    "I came up to Stanford to meet Zack Hammond and his soft robot." ... That's what she said

  • A
    A

    Would be useful.. if there was a use or something it makes better. That solution needs a problem.

  • Swirl AndTwirl
    Swirl AndTwirl

    Cool

  • Konnies Egg
    Konnies Egg

    The sex toys that are gonna come out of this technology...

  • Carl Paulsen
    Carl Paulsen

    I haven't heard the word "compliance" used so often in a video since I last watched Flight of the Navigator...

  • 21Units
    21Units

    One thing came to mind... Baymax.

  • Micheal Davis
    Micheal Davis

    I'm very unimpressed. Other than a few space jobs, I can't see why he is so hyped about them. Rigid robots are the futur, they are not great right now, but once we manage to master their design, they will be much more useful. I'm thinking human shaped robots who can do basic chores which is already in good development, or androids that can do most jobs much further in the futur.

  • Rob Mckennie
    Rob Mckennie

    i saw a video where a guy tried to make a thrust vectoring gimble for an rc plane using compliant mechanics, and the problem he had was that the compliance necessary to make the mechanism work also made the mechanism entirely too flexible to handle the thrust it was supposed to be steering. you can say "oh these robots are better because they aren't strong enough to hurt you" but it's still pointless if it's also not strong enough to do anything useful

  • MTWODZU
    MTWODZU

    Kiełbasa is the best part of this robot ;D

  • Minato365
    Minato365

    "One of the things that i like to do is just to take the robot and beat it" YOU MONSTER

    • Tach
      Tach

      ""Robot""

  • Genki G
    Genki G

    alot of those toys kiwi co makes seem very familiar

  • Ozil Gzbsj
    Ozil Gzbsj

    The knowledgeable riverbed unpredictably fill because guide superficially tip after a plain cone. gabby, confused antarctica

  • The Kingdom
    The Kingdom

    This is def one of the weirdest things I've seen in awhile.

  • Nickolas StJohn
    Nickolas StJohn

    this is basically a giant robotic muscle

  • Dodici
    Dodici

    Okay so NASA needs robots that change their volume, disassemble and reassemble... They're called Transformers. Just say it, we can all relate to that.

    • Wendell Bezerra
      Wendell Bezerra

      @Dodici my brain always goes straight to the Autobots when I think of Transformers, don't know why

    • Dodici
      Dodici

      @Wendell Bezerra True, if it were an Autobot. Decepticons are another story, but you can always crossbreed with Honda Fits the best subcompact car of 2021!

    • Wendell Bezerra
      Wendell Bezerra

      Still the least volume Transformers occupy is that of a car... unless you miniaturize them 🤔

  • Justin Buser
    Justin Buser

    This would be pretty cool in livestock Applications. Especially bovine.

  • MADHAV DADHICHI
    MADHAV DADHICHI

    Me: you deserve more subs People: memes memes memes

  • Futterman Farms
    Futterman Farms

    Hmm I'm wondering if some of this is "misinformation" and should be deleted?

    • Futterman Farms
      Futterman Farms

      @BigBossBilly just hypothetical regarding this one. I had a BIG problem with the Gates vid. Thank you for your question.

    • BigBossBilly
      BigBossBilly

      @Futterman Farms I still don't quite understand you. Do you actually have a problem with any particular content in this video, or are you making a hypothetical point against censorship?

    • Futterman Farms
      Futterman Farms

      @Ed Purcell I was referring to his last vid with Gates where he said he agreed with Gates that "misinformation" should be deleted and not allowed to be online. This from the guy who did a vid on how many research papers are wrong??? and who gets to decide what is not ok? We still have not seen a retraction or ever a comment to defend the position. So I was just asking, how about this vid. Should some of it not be allowed?

    • Ed Purcell
      Ed Purcell

      For example?

  • LightSource
    LightSource

    Baymax

  • erwinsyah nova
    erwinsyah nova

    ok soft robot.., bend, can it squeze tight

    • the unseen gamer tk
      the unseen gamer tk

      Also no

    • the unseen gamer tk
      the unseen gamer tk

      Why do you need to know

  • the ugly truth
    the ugly truth

    If you wear a mask I don't watch

  • Swift King
    Swift King

    But can it go offroading?

  • Rishabh Gupta
    Rishabh Gupta

    I have a doubt what is the speed of darkness?

    • Carlos_A_M
      Carlos_A_M

      Same as light

    • MochaFur
      MochaFur

      I dunno dark

  • chulofreaks
    chulofreaks

    dorito tumbleweed

    • yummy foods
      yummy foods

      R/iamveryrandom

    • caleb young
      caleb young

      baymax

    • Konan Honim
      Konan Honim

      N'ow I want doritos!! Thanks!!😤

    • Goggle Man
      Goggle Man

      nice

    • Qaz_YT
      Qaz_YT

      Nice

  • David Robertson
    David Robertson

    Sorry I just could not watch human robots wearing control devices on the face although it MAY have been interesting - if you survive the experimental nanobot infiltrating jab maybe you can make another without slave devices on?

  • Héctor Cossio
    Héctor Cossio

    It always amazes me how the future end up giving us what we want, but always with a twist, we all dreaming with hard human like butler, but we'll probably end up with shape shifting sausages crawling around our houses, still pretty cool though.

  • Cxshedoutk
    Cxshedoutk

    why dont you just give the information directly? i catch on to your hints buh you shouldnt be scared to teach the society uh mean like isnt tha the reason for your youtube channel?

  • andybaldman
    andybaldman

    Why Robots That Bend Are Boring

  • Drag0nEYE 1510
    Drag0nEYE 1510

    This mam calls a lot of things robots. I feel like he doesn't fully understand what a robot is...

    • Luca Montani
      Luca Montani

      Sure, the guy who is literally building machines that move and do things has no idea what a robot is. Totally.